White Papers

A Review of Nanocrystalline Silver as an Antimicrobial
Title: Nanocrystalline silver dressings in wound management: a review
Abstract: This paper describes the properties of nanocrystalline silverproducts and their applications and examines available evidence supporting their use in wound management.
Author: Joy Fong, Fiona Wood
Publisher: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Bacterial Contamination of Computers in Hospitals
Title: Bacterial Contamination of Computer Keyboards in a Teaching Hospital
Abstract: This outbreak of colonization of neonates in an intensive care unit illustrated the probable role of a healthcare worker in the transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, despite good hygiene practices.
Author: Maureen Shultz, Janet Gill, Sabiha Zabairi, Ruth Huber, Fred Gordin
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
Multi-drug Resistant Organisms on Computers in Dental Offices
Title: Contaminated Surfaces: A look at multidrug-resistant organisms and computer keyboard/mouse devices in the dental office
Abstract: MDROs may reside in sites within the dental office that are not normally considered for decontamination. Recognizing potential sources of contamination, following basic hygiene precautions, and using barrier procedures can reduce the risk.
Author: Roger V. Stambaugh, Leanne Elson
Publisher: The Journal of Professional Excellence Dimensions of Dental Hygiene
Nonclean Computer Surfaces a Primary Cause for Norovirus Outbreak in an Elementary School
Title: Norovirus Outbreak in an Elementary School - District of Columbia, February 2007
Abstract: District of Columbia Department of Health was notified of an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis in an elementary school. To decrease disease transmission during gastroenteritis outbreaks, public health officials should emphasize good handwashing practices, exclusion of ill persons, and thorough environmental disinfection, including fomites that are shared but not commonly cleaned.
Author: J Davies-Cole, PhD, S Lyss, MD, and J Blair, PhD
Publisher: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)
Public Computer surfaces are reservoirs for methicillin resistant staphylococci 2007
Title: Public computer surfaces are reservoirs for methiciliin-resistant staphylococci
Abstract: The role of computer keyboards used by students of a metropolitan university as reservoirs of antibiotic isolates were identified from keyboard swabs following a combination of biochemical and genetic analyses.
Author: Issmat I Kassem, Von Sigler, and Malak A Esseili
Publisher: The ISME (International Society for Microbial Ecology) Journal
Recommendations for disinfection of computer equipment in hospitals
Title: Computer Equipment used in patient care within a multihospital system: recommendations for cleaning and disinfection
Abstract: Computer hardware has been implicated as a potential reservoir for infectious agents. Following a review of 22 hospitals, criteria for cleaning and disinfection were established and recommendations made.
Author: Alice N. Neely, Joan M. Weber, Patricia Daviau, Alastair MacGregor, Carlos Miranda, Marie Nell, Patricia Bush, and Donald Lighter
Publisher: AJIC (American Journal of Infection Control)
The True Costs of Healthcare Associated Infections
Title: Dispelling the Myths: The True Costs of Healthcare-Associated Infections
Abstract: Hospital leaders are aware that healthcare-associated infections impact patients but many have no idea of the extent of the situation and the degree to which HAIs impact cost and operating margin.
Author: Denise Murphy, Joseph Whiting, Christopher S. Hollenbeak
Publisher: An APIC (Association for Professional Infection Control & Epidemiology) Briefing
Transmission of Pathogens to Patients via Computer Hardware
Title: Basic Microbiological and Infection Control Information to Reduce the Potential Transmission of Pathogens to Patients via Computer Hardware
Abstract: Computer technology has become an essential part of all aspects of modern medicine. Consequently, computer, including bedside components, point-of-care testing equipment, and handheld devices, are increasingly present in patients' rooms. Computer hardware may act as a reservoir for microorganisms and contribute to the transfer of pathogens to patients.
Author: Alice N. Neely, Dean F. Sitting
Publisher: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association